In this weeks torah portion Beshalach the Israelites are finally on their way to freedom. As they made their way to the sea Pharoahs’s army approached. Trapped, the Israelites turned to Moses and said, “What have you done to us, taking us out of Egypt? Is this not the very thing we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us be, and we will serve the Egyptians, for it is better for us to serve the Egyptians, than to die in the wilderness?” (Exodus 14:11-13). According to Rabbi Ibn Ezra “The Israelites still have a slave mentality, despite their having experienced God’s redemptive power during the Ten Plagues.” This lack of faith might make one question whether the Israelites were worthy of being chosen to receive the Torah as a result of their apparent lack of faith and trust in God. However, it is this very lack of faith, and this questioning that the Israelites do that makes them worthy of receiving Torah.
According to Daniel Gordis in his book God Was Not in the Fire, “In Jewish spiritual life, faith is not the starting point of the journey. Uncertainty is not the enemy of religious and spiritual growth. Doubt is what fuels the journey. Indeed, as we will see, the Torah goes to great lengths to reassure the searching Jew that skepticism is healthy, legitimate and even celebrated in Jewish life.”
Therefore, it is the Israelites asking why God has brought them out to the wilderness to die that makes them the unique people to receive and interpret Torah. Most people would not think to question God or their religious leader. Here their questioning is the precursor to their redemption. God does not save the Israelites to show them how their lack of faith is unfounded. Rather, God splits the sea because even though the Israelites might think like slaves, they do one thing a slave does not do. They exercise their power to voice their opinion, even in opposition.