“The entire universe is full of God’s glory” (Isaiah 6:3). “The Heavens are My throne, and the earth is My footstool; What house can you build for me?” (Isaiah 66:1).” “The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain You. How much less this house I have built” (1 Kings 8:27). If God’s Presence fills the entire universe, as these verses from TaNaKh seem to indicate, why does God even need a Temple?
This week’s Torah portion, Parashat Terumah, (Exodus 25:1 – 27:19), offers one answer: “That I might dwell among them.” A close read reveals this structure was not build for God — God is not going to dwell in it — but for the people, that God might “dwell among them.” This Hebrew verb, shin-chaf-nun, then becomes the word Shechinah, a closer experience of God’s presence.